After winter passes, the thought of spring crosses the mind of every lawn owner. That’s when they can work on the lush green lawn they had been waiting for.

To learn how to grow grass from seed, you need to know how to do a little preparation. Also, after laying the seed, it will need some care for the first few weeks.

So, with wasting a second, let’s dive into how to plant grass seed.

13 Steps on How to Grow Grass from Seed

An infographic on how to grow grass from seed

Below are the important steps you must follow to learn how to grow grass from seed. 

1. Determine the Right Time 

The success of grass seed directly correlates with the time of year you sow it. Therefore, if you want to know how to grow grass from seed, select the perfect time for it.

Depending on the species of grass you cultivate and the region in which you grow it, there are different ideal times to plant grass seed. 

The best method for establishing cool-season grasses is spring seeding. Try to sow as early in the season as possible.

If you are specifically searching for how to plant grass seed for spring, don’t do it when the temperature is high during the daytime.

Rain and sunshine in the spring promote grass growth.

To develop a magnificent fall lawn in Canada between mid-August and early September. 

2. Choosing the Seed to Sow

If you want to know how to grow grass from seed in Canada, you will have to find the best seed.

Just like native plants, there are favourable species for grass as well. 

Because the winters are typically long in Canada, you may lose out on a good chunk of springtime if you wait until the weather becomes warmer.

To prevent that, make notes on how to grow grass from seed before spring.

Dormant seeding attempts to solve this issue. As soon as the weather warms up, the grass seeds you put in for the winter will germinate and thrive. 

This implies you’ll be able to appreciate your lush spring grass for longer and at a faster pace.

Start by selecting the appropriate grass seed for your area. Based on hardiness, grass seed is separated into two board groups. 

Warm-season grass species, such as Bahia, Bermuda, centipede, St. Augustine, and zoysia species, grow well in Zones 7 and upwards.

Cool-season grasses grow well in Zones 6 and lower and can withstand freezing conditions. 

Common cool-season grasses include perennial ryegrass, fine fescue, tall fescue, and Kentucky bluegrass.

Different types of grass have different tolerances to dry circumstances, foot traffic, and sun or shade. 

When you look up how to grow grass from seed, you will find out that grass seed is frequently offered in mixed species varieties.

For instance, you may discover a grass seed mixture intended for dry, shaded areas or one meant for full sun and high foot traffic. 

Read More: Winter Lawn Care: 12 Essential Tips to Protect Your Grass

3. Test the Soil 

The right pH of the soil is essential for a robust, healthy grass. 

The majority of lawn grasses thrive in soil pH ranges of 6.0 to 7. Very high-pH soil is sometimes referred to as alkaline soil. 

To lower it, when you follow the steps on how to grow grass from seed, elemental sulphur applications might be suggested. 

To make nutrients available again to your grass, lime may be necessary in locations where the pH of the soil is abnormally low or acidic.  

It’s easy to collect precise soil samples on your own, but you’ll need to send them to a reliable soil laboratory for analysis. 

The test results will provide you with an accurate assessment of the pH and nutrient levels in your soil and suggestions for modifications.

Soil amendments can help restore your lawn’s pH if a soil test reveals that it is too high or too low for turf to develop healthily. 

4. Maintain the Soil Quality 

If the soil doesn’t have earthworms, before knowing how to grow grass from seed, fix its quality first.

Numerous pesticides and fungicides marketed over-the-counter kill the earthworms in the soil.

Furthermore, pesticides harm other helpful insects and microbes.

By adding new organic matter to the soil, you can attract earthworms to the soil. 

You can buy earthworms from nearby worm farms or online retailers if they’re not already there.

An imbalance between the growth and decomposition of grass roots and stems at the soil’s surface is the root cause of thatch accumulation. 

Dethatching is required in lawns with over three-quarters of an inch of thatch because water moves slowly through the grass. 

The roots grow shallowly, and the grass is more susceptible to heat and drought stress.

High rates of quick-release or synthetic nitrogen fertilizer will eventually result in an excessive buildup of thatch in the lawn in addition to the harm that pesticides do to the soil. 

Using a core aerator that pulls large plugs out of the ground, you should aerate the grass at least once a year. To revitalize the soil after aeration, use an organic fertilizer.

Learn More: Maximize Your Lawn Potential By Choosing the Right Spring Lawn Fertilizer

5. Level the SeedBed 

When you learn how to grow grass from seed, this is an essential step that many may skip.

Levelling the seedbed will lessen runoff from the surface and soil erosion. 

A lot of bumps in your seedbed can hinder the seed from growing properly. If the seedbed is too complex, the seed may fall to the side and form patches. 

Additionally, if your grass has any bumps, this could potentially lead to water pooling in some spots.

Rotovating the soil is the greatest way to guarantee a level seedbed. The process of rotovating breaks up and agitates the soil, making it ideal for raking. 

While levelling everything out, raking aids in further breaking up the dirt.

Add dirt to your grass to produce the ideal foundation if the existing soil is insufficient, and you can see dips and peaks. 

The dirt should be crumbly and fine once you’ve levelled everything out. If there are any big clumps, break them up with a shovel or hoe until the soil is uniformly fine.

The perfect seedbed should have no weeds, moss, clusters, or bumps.

6. Let the Soil Settle

If there is any sinking after a week, it will happen before the lawn is installed, giving you time to fix it before planting. 

If there has been weed growth in the region, wait until weeds germinate before proceeding with the steps of how to grow grass from seed.

Read More: Pest Control Organic Methods: Protect Your Lawn & Family

7. Apply Pre-seed Fertilizer

To ensure that your grass is healthy and flourishing, you must use a pre-seed fertilizer. 

This may be optional in the steps of how to grow grass from seed.

Soil may lack the minimal nutrient content needed to get the greatest results.

To make up for those inadequacies, you might apply a pre-seed fertilizer.

With this fertilizer, you can make your soil far more nutrient-rich than it already is.

To be certain about whether you require pre-seed grass fertilizer or not, proceed with a thorough soil examination.

However, applying it will greatly benefit your seedlings since your seedbed will provide a robust foundation.

This fertilizer needs to be used before planting your seeds in the ground.

Following that, you will need to moisten the soil so the fertilizer’s nutrients can seep into it and improve its nutrition. 

Use such products between two weeks prior to sowing.

8. Sow the Lawn 

Finally, this is the most important step of how to grow grass from seed.

Here are the steps you need to follow:

  • Dig a hole in the ground that is 20 to 25 cm deep. Pull weeds by hand or with a weed killer.
  • If you think the soil is not of a high enough quality, add topsoil.
  • Using a seed spreader or your hand, sow the seed.
  • After sowing, rake the seed in to be embedded in the soil.
  • Enhance seed-to-soil contact by utilizing a roller or applying pressure with your feet.

If your lawn already has grass and you plan to add more seeds, read our blog on “what is overseeding.”

9. Roll or Tread in the Grass Seeds

For the new grass seeds to germinate successfully, they must be in excellent touch with the soil. 

Ensuring that newly developing roots penetrate the soil can be achieved by either treading or rolling the surface. 

Harrowing the area will guarantee good soil contact for bigger areas.

10. Cover with Soil 

This is another important step in how to grow grass from seed.

To prevent the grass seed from drying out and washing away, cover the lawn food and grass seed with a thin layer of dirt once.

This can be accomplished by covering the seeded area with a thin layer of dirt and lightly raking a rake’s back over it. 

To prevent seeds from washing away, mulch hills with a thin layer of straw, ensuring the seedbed is visible underneath the straw. 

The seeds may dry up before germination or be washed away by rain if they are not adequately shielded by the grass that is already there or by a thin coating of topsoil. 

Raking won’t be required when seeding an existing lawn that is thinning since the seeds will migrate between the grass blades.

11. Postpone Using Herbicides

Lastly, wait until approximately four months after sowing your grass before applying any herbicides. 

It is imperative to adhere to this step from our how to grow grass from seed guide to preserve the health of your newly planted seed.

Even the mildest or most focused herbicides can potentially harm early seedlings. 

Applying a herbicide is best done in the early spring. It’s also crucial to remember that applying it incorrectly may leave your lawn with lifeless spots. 

Thus, before using, make sure you properly read the application directions.

12. Appropriate Watering

This is the second last step from our how to grow grass from seed article.

It is common for this soft soil to retain a lot of water. 

Certain types of soil can become pliable, and walking on them when this happens can result in significant depressions and compaction. 

At all times, the top inch of soil should remain moist. 

Depending on your sprinkler system and the type of soil, this may take as little as two to six minutes or even more. 

The goal is to keep the area damp but not drenched. Watering new grass seed on newly laid lawn areas does not require long watering durations.

You only need to water the grass twice or thrice a day, depending on the weather. 

Watering Tips For Grass Seeds

There is too much moisture if you notice growths that resemble moss or algae, especially in shaded locations. 

Cut back on the amount of time and presumably the frequency of watering.

Some seed brands come with a moisture-retaining coating for tiny patch applications. Although this method works well, it can be too costly for a big area to use.

Purchase a high-quality lawn sprinkler instead of a cheap one. They frequently leak and create puddles, and they do not distribute the water uniformly.

When watering newly planted grass in broad areas where runoff is an issue, oscillating sprinklers work well. 

Instead of spraying all at once, the back-and-forth action gives areas time to soak in.

13. Mow the Lawn

In the last step of how to grow grass from seed, you need to mow it when it is three inches tall. Always mow your lawn according to best practices, which include keeping in mind the appropriate height for your particular type of grass. 

A single mow should never remove more than one-third of the grass blade as it may stress your grass and encourage weeds, disease, and weak growth. 

Young grass is still fragile during the first season of establishment, so work towards minimizing foot traffic. 


How long does it take for grass to grow from seed?

If the conditions are perfect, the grass seed will start growing in a week to ten days.

How to grow pampas grass from seed?

Plant the seeds of pampas grass in well-drained soil. First, sow the seeds in a tray and give them 6-8 hours of sunlight every day. Once the seeds germinate, shift them into containers. After they start developing roots, plant them in your lawn with 6 to 14 feet spacing between them.

Is there a season for sowing grass?

March till September is the time to grow grass. Additionally, the temperature is usually 8 to 10 degrees.


When you plant your grass seed at the right time, it will germinate, thrive, and stay healthy until fresh seedlings take root.

Remember, four to eight weeks following seed germination, but no later than November, start feeding cool-season lawns. 

If your new lawn is made of warm-season grasses, don’t fertilize it until the next spring. 

Your soil test results may indicate that you must fertilize up to four times a year after the initial feedings. Every three to four years, retest the soil and make any adjustments.

If you have any questions, contact Falcons Landscaping!